Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.

Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both men and women of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.

Seizure symptoms can vary widely. Some people with epilepsy simply stare blankly for a few seconds during a seizure, while others repeatedly twitch their arms or legs. Having a single seizure doesn’t mean you have epilepsy. At least two unprovoked seizures are generally required for an epilepsy diagnosis.


Because epilepsy is caused by abnormal activity in the brain, seizures can affect any process that your brain coordinates. Seizure signs and symptoms may include:

Temporary confusion

A staring spell

Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs

Loss of consciousness or awareness

Psychic symptoms such as fear, anxiety or deja vu


When to see a Doctor?

Seek immediate medical help if any of the following cases occur:

The seizure lasts more than five minutes.

Breathing or consciousness doesn’t return after the seizure stops.

A second seizure follows immediately.

You have a high fever.

You’re experiencing heat exhaustion.

You’re pregnant.

You have diabetes.

You’ve injured yourself during the seizure.


For more information, visit your doctor; not self-medicate; or write us.